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The Sustainable Future of Agriculture with Carbon Utilization
William Woods, Professor of Geography, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL]

Effect of Charcoal Application to Early Growth Stage of Acacia mangium 
Chairil A. Siregar, Nobuo Ishibashi, Tsuyoshi Kato, Herianto, Kazuya Ando View abstract >>

Charcoal as Soil Conditioner and Nutrient Retainer – Studies in the Humid Tropics, Amazônia, Brazil         
Christoph Steiner, Wenceslau G. Teixeira, Johannes Lehmann, and Wolfgang Zech View abstracts >>

The Sustainable Future of Energy with Carbon Utilization  
Danny Day, Founder, EPRIDA

Impacts of Intensive Agriculture on Soil Carbon, Crop Productivity and Climate Change
Don Reicosky, Soil Scientist, USDA Agricultural Research Service

Ammonia Carbonation and Biomass Pyrolysis for Carbon Management (model shown at right)
James W. Lee, Danny Day, Robert J. Evans, & Ronfu Li View abstract >>

Characterization and Performance of Amazonian Dark Earths – Opportunities for Future Soil Management
Johannes Lehmann - Assistant Professor of Soil Fertility Management and Soil Biogeochemistry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

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Maize and weed flora dynamics on Amazonian Dark Earth and adjacent soils in the central Brazilian Amazon        
Julie Major, Antonio DiTommaso, Johannes Lehmann, and Newton P.S. Falcão
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oakridge model
Carbon Management Model-Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department Of Energy

Trials on Some of Charcoal Production Methods for Carbon Sequestration in Indonesia
Kazuya Ando- Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Office of Forest & Nature Conservation

Discovery and Awareness of Anthropogenic Amazonian Dark Earths (Terra Preta)
Bill Denevan - Prof. Emeritus, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, WI USA

Maize and weed flora dynamics on Amazonian Dark Earth and adjacent soils in the central Brazilian Amazon        
Julie Major, Antonio DiTommaso, Johannes Lehmann, and Newton P.S. Falcão View abstracts >>

Reactivity of Wood charcoal with Ozone        
Kunio Kawamoto, Kengo Ishimaru, Yuji Imamura and Makoto Ogawa View abstract >>

Measurements of Terra Preta Soil Carbon: Carbon Origins and Implications for Carbon Stability  
Kim Magrini, R. Evans, C. Steiner, J. Leventhal

Managing Terra Preta: Modifications of an Agricultural System in a Nutrient-Poor Environment
Laura A. German- Socio-Ecologist, African Highlands Initiative / World AgroforestryCentre
PhD, Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia, Athens GA, USA

Technology and Economics of Energy Production with Green House Gas Stabilization
Michael Obersteiner - Research Economist, Department of Economics and Finance at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna, Austria

Bacterial disease controlled by compost: conrol left, VAM innoculated center, char compost right

Effects of Soil Microbial Fertility by Charcoal in Soil (pictured at left)
Makato Ogawa Director, Biological and Environment Institute, Kanso Ltd, Kansai Electric Power Company

Unlocking Microbial Communities in Terra Preta: Nucleic Acid Extraction and Purification as Keys to Characterizing Biology of Black Carbon Soils     
Brendan O’Neil, Julie Grossman, Janet Thies- Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, Ithica, NY. USA
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Sunlight-Ancient and Modern: The Relative Energy Efficiency of Hydrogen from Coal and Current Biomass     
Ling Zhang, Matthew J. Realff- School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Tech,
Atlanta, GA, USA View abstract >>

Sustainable Energy with Carbon Utilization Addressing the Need for Global Mitigation
Peter Read - Senior Research Officer, Department of Applied and International Economics, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

Options for Renewable Hydrogen Technologies
Bob Evans - Head, Renewable Hydrogen Program- National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO USA

The Secrets of Making Terra Preta Soils
Susanna Hecht - Professor, School of Public Policy and Social Research, University of California,, Los Angeles, CA USA

Potential of carbon sequestration by carbonizing wood residue from industrial tree plantation as a Clean Development Mechanism project in the Kyoto Mechanism 
Yasuyuki Okimori, Fumio Takahashi, Makoto Ogawa, Toru Yamanaka View abstract >>

Explorations of Pre-Columbian Agricultural Landscapes in the Amazon
Clark Erickson - Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA USA