Facilities
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Characterization of Materials | Production/Processing of Materials | Engine Testing | Cooperative Labs
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I. CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS

Gas Analysis/Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

  • Hapsite Inficon GC-MS
    The Hapsite Inficon GC-MS delivers fast, accurate on-site analysis of VOCs (volatile organic compounds) present in air, water, and soil.
  • HP 5973 MS with G1530 GC
    This gas chromatograph features a mass spectral detector. It employs the chemical fragmentation of a sample into charged particles (ions) so that it may identify the chemical composition of the sample. This is achieved on the basis of the mass-to-charge ratio of the charged particles. The GC also has cryogenic separation capability along with a sniff-port (on right of picture) that allows a human operator to qualitatively grade odor components in the sample.
  • Chemiluminescence NH3 Analyzer—NH3, NO, NO2 (0-20 ppm range)
    This tool operates under the chemical reaction of: NO + O3 >> NO2 + O2 + hv. The sample is mixed with internally generated ozone, causing the above reaction to take place. This reaction produces a luminescence, whose intensity is indicative of the NO concentration present within the sample.

Hapsite Inficon GC-MS

HP 5973 MS with G1530 GC

Chemiluminescence NH3 Analyzer

  • (3) HP GC with FID, ECD and TCD detection
    These GCs use varying detectors, in order to accurately verify and measure the presence of certain compounds within a sample. The various detectors and their uses are as follows: Thermal Conductivity Detector (measures CO2 and Methane), Flame Induced Detection (aldehydes, fatty acids, etc.), Electron capture Detector (NO2 and N2O)
  • Pfeiffer Vacuum—Quadstar quadrapole MS (attached to TGA)
  • Agilent 3000 Micro-GC
    The Micro-GC is a 1- to 4-channel gas chromatograph that quickly performs analyses in seconds. It can be used to analyze the composition of natural gases, landfill gases, soil and water headspace samples, etc.

HP GC with FID, ECD and TCD detection

Agilent 3000 Micro-GC


Liquid Chromatography/Spectrophotometry

  • Shimadzu HPLC with options:
    RID-10A refractive index detector
    LC-20AT liquid chromatograph
    SIL-20A autosampler

    High Performance Liquid Chromatography is a type of column chromatography used to separate, identify, and quantify compounds. The Shimadzu HPLC has been grouped with several options: Refractive Index Detector (provides relative molecular weight and polydispersity), Liquid Chromatography (forces the sample through the stationary phase column by a liquid [mobile phase]), Autosampler (processes samples with high-speed and high-throughput capabilities).
  • (2) Gilson HPLC with UV/VIS spectrophotometry
  • Beckman Coulter spectrophotometer
    This PC controlled system is used for quantitative and qualitative analyses. It provides spectrophotometric measurements in the UV and visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.


Shimadzu HPLC

Gilson HPLC with UV/VIS spectrophotometry

Beckman Coulter spectrophotometer

Surface Area Analysis

  • Quantachrome NOVA 2000 series


Quantachrome NOVA 2000

LECO TGA701 Proximate analyzer

Thermogravimetric Analysis

  • LECO TGA701 Proximate analyzer
  • Mettler-Toledo TGA/SDTA851e/SF/1100 with sample robot (with MS attached)

 

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

  • Mettler-Toledo DSC823e/700


Mettler-Toledo DSC823e/700 with Pfeiffer Vacuum (far right)

Elemental (Ultimate) Analysis

  • LECO CHNS932 with VTF900 furnace option (for elemental oxygen)
    The CHNS analyzer is used to determine the weight percent of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur present within a sample. The analyzer heats a sample to 1000°C. While thermal conductivity detection determines the percentage of nitrogen, infrared detection is used to measure the amounts of C, H, and S present in the sample. The VTF900 is an additional furnace that, after combusting a sample at 1300°C, uses infrared detection to effectively pinpoint the amount of oxygen within a sample.

 

Dynamic Viscosity

  • Brookfield DV+I viscometer
    The Brookfield DV-I is a device used to determine the thickness of a fluid. A sample is placed inside a holding vessel whose temperature is held constant. A spindle is immersed into the vessel and is rotated at various speeds. The ease at which the spindle turns within the liquid is indirectly related to the viscosity of the fluid.

Gross Calorimetric Value

  • Parr 1351 Bomb calorimeter
    The Parr 1351 is a device that is used to determine the heating value of a particular substance. This is achieved when a sample is combusted inside the machine. The heat given off by the combustion warms a water bath by x degrees Celsius. The rise in the temperature of the water bath is directly related to the caloric value of the sample.


LECO CHNS932

Brookfield DV+I viscometer

Parr 1351 Bomb calorimeter

pH

  • Fisher Scientific pH/Ion 510 meter

FTIR

  • Varian 2000 FT-IR Scimitar series
    The FT-IR analyzer passes infrared radiation through a sample; some is absorbed, while some is transmitted through the sample. The resulting spectrum represents the absorptions and transmission having taken place. This enables the examiner to determine the molecular content of the sample.

Cloud Point Analysis

  • Phase Technology CPA-T30 Phase Analyzer


Fisher Scientific pH/Ion 510 meter

Varian 2000 FT-IR Scimitar series

Phase Technology CPA-T30 Phase Analyzer

Flash Point

  • Herzog Pensky-Martens semi-automatic flash point detector

Titration

  • Mettler-Toledo T70 Automatic titrator
    The Automatic titrator features expanded method capabilities that allow multiple analyses to be looped into one method. This titrator not only measures water content, but can simultaneously measure pH and conductivity.
  • Mettler-Toledo DL31 Karl Fischer titrator
    The Karl Fisher Titrator is a titration system that proves useful in determining water content values varying from >100ppm to 100%.


Herzog Pensky-Martens semi-automatic flash point detector


Mettler-Toledo T70 Automatic titrator